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Facts About China, History of China

7. Facts About China 


Official Name: People’s Republic of China 

Capital: Beijing. 

Official Language: Mandarin. Based on the Northern Chinese dialect spoken in Beijing, Mandarin is taught throughout all of China, there are at least 35 other dialects. 

Area: 3.705 million square miles, the third largest country in the world. 

Geography: China is a mountainous country. More than 68% of the country is above sea level. There are two major rivers in China: the Yangtze River is 3988 miles long, the Yellow River is 3011 miles long. Millions of people live near the mouth of the Yangtze River. The fertile soil supplies a tenth of China’s rice crop, and the industrial might of Shanghai make it China’s most prosperous region. 

An Asian Empire: At its territorial height, about 670 B.C., the Tang dynasty directly administered a vast area and received tribute from nearly a dozen kingdoms and territories. Tang rule extended far beyond China’s modern western boundary.

Population: China is the world’s most populous country. Han Chinese, the predominant ethnic group, accounts for ninety-two percent of the population. The remainder is comprised of 55 recognized minorities. Nearly all of China’s people inhabit the fertile, humid lowlands of the east; hundreds of millions live along the coast. Dry western highlands make up more than half of China’s territory, yet are home to only six percent of the population. 
Republic of China (Taiwan): Four-fifths of the island’s 20 million people descend from Chinese settlers of the 1600’s. Two million fled the mainland for Taiwan after Mao took power in 1949 during the Communist Revolution. 

Hong Kong: Returned to China rule in 1997. The name Hong Kong means ‘Fragrant Harbor.’ Historians believe that the name came from the city’s past trading of spices and incense.



8. History of China 


5000 B.C.                 Farmers along the Yangtze River were among the first to grow rice.

3000 B.C.                 Yangtze River settlement produced silk and carved jade.

2696 B.C.                 Silk fabric was invented.

2000 B.C. Shang Dynasty: Priest-kings presided over ancestor cults in villages on Northern China plan.

1600 B.C. Oldest embroidery on record from the Shang Dynasty

551 B.C.   Confucius was born.

220 B.C. Qin Dynasty: China unified by Qin Shi, the first emperor. Great Wall was built.

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