7. Facts About China
Official Name: People’s Republic of China
Official Language: Mandarin. Based on the Northern Chinese dialect spoken in Beijing, Mandarin is taught throughout all of China, there are at least 35 other dialects.
Area: 3.705 million square miles, the third largest country in the world.
Geography: China is a mountainous country. More than 68% of the country is above sea level. There are two major rivers in China: the Yangtze River is 3988 miles long, the Yellow River is 3011 miles long. Millions of people live near the mouth of the Yangtze River. The fertile soil supplies a tenth of China’s rice crop, and the industrial might of Shanghai make it China’s most prosperous region.
An Asian Empire: At its territorial height, about 670 B.C., the Tang dynasty directly administered a vast area and received tribute from nearly a dozen kingdoms and territories. Tang rule extended far beyond China’s modern western boundary.
Hong Kong: Returned to China rule in 1997. The name Hong Kong means ‘Fragrant Harbor.’ Historians believe that the name came from the city’s past trading of spices and incense.
8. History of China
5000 B.C. Farmers along the Yangtze River were among the first to grow rice.
3000 B.C. Yangtze River settlement produced silk and carved jade.
2696 B.C. Silk fabric was invented.
2000 B.C. Shang Dynasty: Priest-kings presided over ancestor cults in villages on Northern China plan.
1600 B.C. Oldest embroidery on record from the Shang Dynasty
551 B.C. Confucius was born.
220 B.C. Qin Dynasty: China unified by Qin Shi, the first emperor. Great Wall was built.